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Mar 5, 2017



Hello Friends aajke is post me ham Computer hardware ki kuch basic jankari aap logo ke sath share karenge. Computer hardware kya hai ya mujhe kafi logo ne aksar puch ta hai aur isi liye main socha ek post kardu to unko computer ke hardware ki bareme jankari mil jayega. Dosto sayed aapko pata hai computer kya hai aur iska kam kya hai! aagar nahi pata to kuch din pehle main ek post kiya tha Computer ki kuch basic jankari ko lekar aap is post ko follow kare aapko computer laptop ke bareme puri jankari mil jayega. Dosto computer koi chota mota chij nahi hai isko banane ke liye jo kuch jarurat hota hai un me se hardware ki role sabse jada hota hai.

Computer ki hardware ke under jo kuch samil hai wo main niche step by step bata diya hai aur kiska kam kya hai wo bhi main bata diya hai, lekin dosto main koisis kya hai aap logo ko asan bhasa me samjha ne ki aagar koi galti hoti hai to maf kar dena. Jobhi ho chaliye dekh lete hai is computer hardware ke under kya kya ata hai aur in sab ka kam kya hota hai.

Read: Computer Ki Basic Jankari Hindi Me - कंप्यूटर की जानकारी

computer-hardware-ki-sabhi-jankari-hindi


Computer Hardware Ki Jankari Hindi Me


Ek micro computer kafi sare Electric and electronic mechanical parts ko lekar banaya jata hai, aur in sabhi Machines parts software ki madad se chalta hai, aur in sabhi ko hardware bola jata hai. aagar aapko ek computer kharid na hai to aapko hardware ki acchi Knowledge hona jaruri hai nahi to aap kabhi bhi acchi computer karid nahi pawoge. aur aap aagar aajke is post ko last tak thik se follow karte ho to aapko thoda bahut hardware ke bareme jankari mil jayega main ummid karta hu.

Aagar aap computer Expert nahi ho to aapko computer hardware ke "Processor, Mainboard, RAM, HDD, ODD, Graphics Card, Casing, Monitor" in sab ke bareme aapko thoda bahut janna hoga. niche main in sabhi parts ke alag alag kam aur konsa aapko kharid na chahiye wo bata diya hai.


#1. Processor :


processor-ke-bareme-jankari-hindi-me
Processor


Computer ke sabse jaruri chij Processor, ek comuter ke lagbhag sabhi kam karta hai ye Processor,Basically isko hi CPU (Central Processing Unit) bolte hai. aagar aapke processor accha hoga to aapke computer jada fast kam karega. aabhi market 2 popular Processor milta hai ek Intel aur dusra AMD, lekin in dono me se sabse accha hai Intel. processor kharid ne se pehle aapko uske Series kya hai wo janna hoga, kyu ki Series ke upar Depend karte hai kon sa processor kitna fast kam karega. Intel ka pehle jo processor hota tha wo Pentium Series is ke bad laga tar aya hai "Celeron series, Core Series, i Series". Pentium Series ke P1 se P2 accha hai aur P2 se P3 accha aur P3 se P4 accha hai. iska matlab same clock speed P1 se P2 ka speed jada hai. Aur Pentium Series se accha hai Core Series kyu ki iska speed jada hai, core series ke under ata hai Core 2 Quad> Core 2 Duo> Dual Core. Aur core i series processor ke under accha hai "Core i7 extreme> Core i7> Core i5> Core i3". aur bahi jada use hota hai core series ka jaise aap I3, I5, I7 koi kharid sakte ho aapne computer ke liye.


#2. Mainboard or Motherboard :


computer-motherboard-kya-hai
Motherboard


Motherboard ek computer ke jaan hai isi liye isko main board bolte hai, computer hardware ke sab se jaruri chij hai motherboard. Computer ke lagbhag sabhi jaruri Parts jude raheta hai, jaise ki Processor, Ram etc. Motherboard aagar aapko lena hai to aap "Gigabyte, Intel, Foxcon, Asus" in me se koi bhi brand ke le sakte hai, but mujhe accha lagta hai Gigabyte motherboard. Aap jobhi motherboard liji but usko processor supported hona jaruri hai. Mainboard ka port 2 type ka hota hai ek IDE aur dusra S-ATA, lekin aabhi jadatar S-ATA ports ka motherboard jada dikha jata hai. Lagbhag sabhi S-ATA motherboard me ek IDE port hota hai, aagar jarurat pade to IDE to S-ATA converter use karke S-ATA port ke motherboard me IDE device use kiya ja sakta hai. to dosto main ummid karta hu aapko mainboard ke bareme kuch jankari mila hai.


#3. RAM- Random Access Memory :


computer-ram-kya-hai-hindi-me
Ram


Ram ka full name hai (Random Access Memory) ya bhi ek computer ke speed fast karne me madad karta hai. aagar aapko accha brand ka ram chahiye to aap "Transcend, Twinmos" isme se koibhi ek company ka le sakte hai. Ram jitna hoga aapke computer utna fast hoga matlab 1GB ke jaga agar aap 2GB ram use karoge to aapke pc speed jada hoga. Ram ka aagar Bus Frequency jada hoga to Ram speed badega. Ram ka type aagar jada accha hoga to computer speed accha hoga, jaise ki DDR3 RAM ka speed DDR2 ram se accha hai. But ek problem aapke computer motherboard ke Slots jis traha ka hoga usi hisab se Ram set karna hoga nahi to Ram kam nahi karega, aagar aapke motherboard slots DDR2 supported hai to us motherboard me DDR3 Ram support nahi karega.


#4. HDD - Hard Disk Drive :


hdd-kya-hai
HDD - Hard Disk Drive


HDD ka full name hai Hard Disk Drive iska kam hai computer Information saving karna. Computer HDD Virtual RAM ka bhi kam karta hai. HDD ka sabse accha brand hai "WD, Samsung, Transcend, seagate ETC". Dosto aapke computer par jitna bhi file, yafir aapke computer OS bhi is hard disk ke under saving raheta hai. Aapke computer HDD ka size jita jada hoga usme file saving bhi utna jada hoga. Aagar aap Hard Disk ka RPM (Revolutions Per Minute) jada hoga to hard disk ka Transfer Rate bhi jada hoga. Aapko market me 2 type ke HDD milega ek external hard disk aur dusra internal. lekin jada use hota hai internal hard drive aur ye computer ke under set hota hai.


#5. Casing :



casing-kya-hai
Casing


Ya bhi bahuti jaruri hota hai ek Desktop computer ke liye kyu ki isi me computer Mainboard, HDD, ODD sab kuch setup hota hai, lekin laptop computer me inka koi jarurat nahi hoata hai. Casing ke liye koi brand nahi hai aap koibhi aapna pasand ka ek casing kharid sakte ho. iska price bhi bahut kam hota hai 500-800 ke under accha casing mil jata hai.


#6. ODD - Optical Disk Drive :


odd-kya-hai
Optical Disk Drive


ODD iska full name hai Optical Disk Drive, asan bhasa me ham log isko CD/DVD Writer bolte hai, CD/DVD Writer ke liye accha company hai "Samsung, Asus, Lite-On, LG," aur bhi bahut accha accha company hai but ye mujhe accha lagta hai. aabhi iska jarurat sirf OS yani ki windows install karne ke liye use hota hai, but aabhi CD Writer hota nahi hai sabhi DVD Writer hai. aagar aapke pass DVD Writer hai to aap usme CD bhi play kar sakte ho but aagar CD Writer hai to aap usme DVD play nahi kar sakoge.


#7 Graphics Card or AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port Card :


graphics-card-kya-hai
Graphics Card


Aagar aapko high quality game khlena hai, Graphics design ke kam karna hai to aapke comuter par ek Graphics card hona bahuti jarur hai, lekin to aap high quality game nahi khl sakoge. aagar aapko Graphics Card lena hai to aap Asus, Gigabyte, Sapphire in me se koi bhi brand ke le sakte ho. Aagar V-RAM jada hoga to aapko Graphics bhi accha milega, Simple Ram ki traha aagar V-Ram ka type accha hoga to Result accha milega.


#8. Monitor :


pc-monitor-kya-hai
Monitor


Baki sab hardware parts ki traha Monitor bhi bahuti jaruri hai ek computer ke liye, kyu ki aagar aapke computer start bhi ho jayega to Monitor ke bina wo aap nahi dekh sakoge. AABHI 2 type ke monitor milta hai "LCD (Liquid Cristal Display) /LED (Light Emitting Diode) Monitor" aabhi aagar aap monitor lena chaha te hai to aap jarur LED kharid lena.


#9. Key Board :


pc-keyboard-kya-hai
Keyboard


Key Board computer ke sabse jaruri input device me se ek hai, kyu ki Key Board ke bina aap computer ke koibhi kam nahi kar sakoge, isi liye computer hardware ke alag alag parts me se ye sabse jaruri hota hai, aap Key Board ke madad se kuch type kar sakoge, Key Board type ke liye hi use hota hai.


#10. Mouse: 


computer-mouse-kya-hai
Mouse


Computer hardware ke jaruri kuch parts me se mouse bhi bahut jaruri hai, ye dikh neme lagbahg chuha ki traha hai isi liye iska nam mouse rahka gaya hai. aagar aap new computer user ho tab bhi aapko mouse ke kam ke bareme pata hai.


#11. Modem :


internet-ke-liye-modem-jaruri-hai-hindi-me
Modem


Computer par internet use karne ke liye is hardware device ka bahut jarurat hai, aagar aapko internet use karna hai computer par to apko jarur modem use karna hoga, nehi to aap pc par net nahi use kar paowge. Aabhi jadatar WIFI Modem use hota hai iska bahut faida ha aagar aapke ghar me 1 se jada computer hai to aap ek wifi modem ke madad se sabhi computer me internet use kar sakoge.


#12. UPS - Uninterpretable Power Supply :

ups-ka-kam-kya-hai
UPS


UPS ka full name hai Uninterpretable Power Supply, ye battery ka ka karta hai, aagar aapke gharme yafir office me light chala jata hai to aapke computer kuch der ke liye UPS ke madad se on rahe ga. UPS 2 type ke hota hai ek Online UPS aur ek Offline UPS, online ups aagar aapke light cha jata hai to aapke pc auto retart nahi lega, joki offline ups me restart le lega. UPS aap jitna bhi accha lo lagbag 20-25 mit se jada backup nahi deta hai.


#13. Web cam :


webcam-kya-hai
Web Cam


Web cam camera ke kam karta hai, aagar aapke pass laptop computer hai to usme aapko pehle se hi ek Web cam mil jeyga lekin aagar aapke desktop computer hai to iss hardware device ko aapko alag se kharid na hoga. iska kam hai agar aapko kisi ke sath video chat karna chahate ho to aap is Web cam ke madad se kar sakoge, ye hi iska kam hai.


#14. Speaker :


speaker-kya-hai
Speaker

Ye ek computer hardware ke sabse jaruri device me se ek hai, aagar aapke desktop computer hai to aapko ek Speaker ki jarurat padega, kyu ki Speaker ke bina aapke computer par kuch play nahi hoga koi sound nahi hoga. isi liye aapko ek Speaker ki jarurat hoga. aap ki bhi 2 Speaker kharid lijiye aapke kam ho jayega.


Friends upar main Computer Hardware Ki Sabhi Jankri aap logo ke sath share kiya hai, main ummid karta hu ki aapko is post se kuch naya jankari milega. aagar aapko computer related kuch bhi sawal karna hai to niche comment karke puch sakte hai,
agar post aapko accha laga hai to please post ko aapne friends ke sath share kare.

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